Article thumbnail

Industrial Cores and Peripheries in Brazil

By Ricardo Ruiz and Edson Domingues

Abstract

There is considerable evidence to demonstrate that the industrial localization in developing countries shows high level of spatial concentration, and the industrial decentralization is quite restricted to few isolated regions. The aim of this paper is to analyze the Brazilian case to identify the industrial cores and to find out whether Brazil follows this conventional view on industrial location in developing countries. This study is based on a database that merges two sets of data: the first describes 35000 industrial firms, and the second has information on the economic, social and urban structure of 5500 cities (year 2000). Based on these datasets, the industrial cores and their respective peripheries are identified, classified, and discussed. The main preliminary conclusions are: (1) Brazil has several industrial cores with different scales, structures, and regional level of integration; (2) there are regions with growing industrial peripheries that are strongly tied to the primary cores; these are what we called “industrial axes”; (3) however, we also identified regions that did not manage to build peripheries able to assimilate spillovers generated by its industrial centers; these are the “industrial islands”. Our main conclusion is: the Brazilian economic space is a mixed case. It is not a set of disconnected or isolated industrial islands, but it is still behind a full regional economic integration.

OAI identifier:

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (2003). A nova configuração regional brasileira e sua geografia econômica”,
  2. (2000). A nova geografia econômica do Brasil: condicionantes e implicações
  3. A Organização Territorial da Indústria no Brasil”. Relatório de Pesquisa: Inovações, Padrões Tecnológicos e Desempenho das Firmas Industriais Brasileiras.
  4. (1996). A Reestruturação Econômica e Impacto Regional: o novo mapa da indústria brasileira”. Revista Nova Economia,
  5. (1999). Competitividade Regional e Reconcentração Industrial: o futuro das desigualdades regionais no
  6. (2005). Empresas Estrangeiras em Espaços Periféricos: o caso Brasileiro”. Relatório de Pesquisa: Inovações, Padrões Tecnológicos e Desempenho das Firmas Industriais Brasileiras.
  7. (1956). Location and Space-economy.
  8. (1999). Novos Padrões de Localização Industrial?
  9. (1994). Polygonized Development in Brazil: Neither Decentralization nor Continued Polarization”.
  10. (1999). Spatial Economy – Cities, Regions and International Trade.
  11. (1969). The economy of cities. Random House,
  12. (1999). The Moran Scatterplot as an Esda Tool to Assess Local Instability in Spatial Association,
  13. (1966). The Spatial Dynamics of U.S. Urban-Industrial Growth.
  14. (1999). Trade Liberalization and Location: Geographical Shifts in the Brazilian Economic Structure”. FEA-USP Discussion Paper. São Paulo,