Decomposing the determinants of road traffic demand
This study presents a decomposition of the basic fundamental determinants of road traffic and fuel demand. A general framework is proposed as a means of analysing the impacts of changes in prices and income on the demand for fuel and traffic volume. The objective is to provide a general basis for comparing different road traffic elasticity estimates and for understanding how a variety of different factors work together to create overall road traffic and fuel demand responses. The study emphasizes relationships between different price and income elasticity measures and uses estimates from the literature to evaluate the main determinants of demand including some previously unobserved effects.