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The relationship between the real exchange rate and balance of payments: empirical evidence for China from cointegration and causality testing

By Paresh Kumar Narayan and Russell Smyth


This article examines the relationship between the renminbi real exchange rate and China's foreign exchange reserves using cointegration and Granger causality testing. The main findings are that in the long run foreign exchange reserves Granger cause the real exchange rate. Meanwhile, in the short run there is unidirectional Granger causality running from foreign exchange reserves to the real exchange rate.

DOI identifier: 10.1080/1350485042000221535
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