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SPATIAL LABOUR MARKET PROCESSES

By Imola Csehne Papp

Abstract

After the change of the political system, at the beginning of the 90’s, the territorial differences in Hungary deepened obviously. Approximately 1.5 millions jobs were terminated, the production in the former industrial centres declined, and the reorganization of the economical system started. All these afflicted the areas with the highest working power, so the crises in the different sectors of economy widened out into regional crises. Losing the Eastern markets in agriculture also destabilized the former structural and productional system, which were even deepened by the political decisions concerning the reorganization of the proprietorships. During a few years the rate of employment decreased dramatically, unemployment skyrocketed, and by 1993 it reached its peak at 13%. We can observe behind the significant changes big regional differences, and these differences have remained stable. As an effect of the changes the former differences have remained, though the differences between the underdeveloped regions and those with the more favoured labour markets have partly been reorganized, decreased or increased.unemployment, regional differences, innovation, education, Agricultural and Food Policy, Community/Rural/Urban Development, Labor and Human Capital,

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