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The road to recovery: Fiscal stimulus, financial sector rehabilitation, and potential risks ahead

By Zhiwei Zhang and Wenlang Zhang

Abstract

The worst of the global financial crisis is behind us, but the trajectory to recovery varies widely across economies. Employing a dynamic structural multi-country model with a financial accelerator, this paper studies the roles of two important policy actions in economic recovery: fiscal stimulus and financial sector rehabilitation. The main finding is that while both factors contribute to economic recovery, the former is likely to be less effective from a medium-term perspective and may generate some negative side effects. This suggests that policy priority should be on continued financial sector rehabilitation, particularly in advanced economies. Moreover, international policy co-ordination is beneficial as it can generate spill-over effects to regional economies. We also study a potential risk to economic recovery down the road: an over-estimation of the post-crisis potential output by the monetary authorities in advanced economies. It is found that this may lead to an overly accommodative monetary policy stance, which could lead to a resurgence in inflation and hence will darken the medium-term growth prospects of the world economy.GIMF model Financial accelerator Fiscal stimulus Financial rehabilitation

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