Location of Repository

Social capital among agricultural producers in the Czech Republic: its impact on economic performance

By Axel Wolz, Jana Fritzsch and Jitka Pencáková

Abstract

The change of the political regime from the socialist central planning system to a market economy and pluralistic society required the reorganisation not only of agricultural production, but also of the organisations in their support. In the Czech Republic, agricultural production is characterised by a dualistic structure in these days, i.e. private farmers on the one side and corporate farms on the other. However, among both groups some had been economically more successful than others. In general, a varying adoption of production factors, i.e. land, labour and capital is identified as being of influence. Whether their ability to collaborate with other farms is an additional factor, which has been discussed under the concept of social capital since quite some time, will be analysed in this paper. Based on the findings of a survey among a sample of 62 farms by adopting factor and multiple regression analysis it can be deduced that social capital is indeed a significant factor determining the level of farm income. -- G E R M A N V E R S I O N: Der Systemwechsel von 1989 erforderte auch in der Tschechischen Republik eine Neuorganisation nicht nur der landwirtschaftlichen Produktion, sondern auch der Organisationen zur Unterstützung der landwirtschaftlichen Produzenten. In diesen Tagen ist die landwirtschaftliche Produktion durch eine ausgeprägte Zweiteilung charakterisiert: Große juristische Personen auf der einen Seite sowie relativ kleine Privatbetriebe auf der anderen. Allerdings sind innerhalb dieser beiden Gruppen große Unterschiede in Hinblick auf den wirtschaftlichen Erfolg zu beobachten. Gewöhnlich wird dies mit einem unterschiedlichen Einsatz der traditionellen Produktionsfaktoren Boden, Arbeit und Kapital erklärt. Ob die Fähigkeit, sich mit anderen Betrieben auszutauschen und zusammenzuarbeiten, einen zusätzlichen Erklärungsfaktor darstellt, wird seit einiger Zeit unter dem Konzept des Sozialkapitals diskutiert. Dies wird hier analysiert. An Hand einer Befragung von 62 tschechischen Betriebsleitern kann mit Hilfe einer Faktoren- und Regressionsanalyse nachgewiesen werden, dass Sozialkapital einen wichtigen Einflussfaktor auf das landwirtschaftliche Einkommen darstellt.Corporate farms,private farms,social capital,cross sectional models,Czech Republic,Landwirtschaftliche Großbetriebe,Familienbetriebe,Sozialkapital,Tschechische Republik.

OAI identifier:

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (2005). (2005b): Is social capital affecting agricultural incomes among private farmers? – Findings of a farm survey in the Czech Republic, Paper presented at the TSCF
  2. (2004). 3,100 -Source: Columns 2-5: Czech Statistical Office,
  3. (2005). Accessed:
  4. (2004). Agricultural adjustment and the diversification of farm households and corporate farms in Central Europe,
  5. (2004). Agriculture and achieving the millennium development goals,
  6. (2000). An essay on social capital: Looking for the fire behind the smoke,
  7. (2002). Can we trust social capital?,
  8. (2002). Could social capital help Czech agriculture?
  9. (2003). Credit allocation and farm structures in the Czech Republic,
  10. (2002). Credit markets for agriculture in the Czech Republic,
  11. (2005). Czech agricultural associations and the impact of membership on farm efficiency,
  12. (2002). Czech agricultural sector: Organisational structure and its transformation,
  13. (2003). District Office of the Chamber of Agriculture, Hodonín, 15.06.2004. Social capital among agricultural producers in the Czech Republic 29 ANNEX 1:
  14. (2000). Economic analysis of social interaction,
  15. (2002). Farm transformation and restructuring
  16. (1999). Getting things done in an antimodern society: Social capital networks in Russia, in:
  17. (2005). Historical legacies, Social capital and civil society: Comparing Romania on a regional level,
  18. (2000). Induced social capital and federations of the rural poor, World Bank Social Capital Initiative Working Paper No. 19,
  19. (2006). Institutional factors and market participation by individual farmers: The case of Romania,
  20. (2001). Institutioneller Wandel und Transformation. Restitution, Transformation und Privatisierung in der tschechischen Landwirtschaft,
  21. (2002). Institutioneller Wandel, Umwelt und Sozialkapital in mittel- und osteuropäischen Ländern,
  22. (1990). Institutions, institutional change and economic performance, MA,
  23. (2004). Institutions, social capital and agricultural change in central and eastern Europe,
  24. (2004). Interessenkonflikte in der tschechischen
  25. (1993). Making democracy work: Civic tradition in modern Italy,
  26. (2000). Measures of social capital in African surveys, Report prepared as part of the World Bank Social Capital Initiative, Centre for the Study of Public Policy,
  27. (2003). Multivariate Analysemethoden, th ed,
  28. (1983). Ökonomisches Kapital, kulturelles Kapital, soziales Kapital,
  29. (2000). Perspectives on future research in Central and Eastern European transition countries, Paper presented at the KATO Symposium,
  30. (1997). Reprezentace zájmů v politickém systému České republiky [Representation of Interests in the Czech Political System],
  31. (2005). Secretary of the Association of Private Farmers,
  32. (2000). Social capital and community development in rural Russia, Paper prepared for the World Bank’s Initiative on Defining, Monitoring and Measuring Social Capital,
  33. (2002). Social capital and well-being in developing countries: An introduction,
  34. (2004). Social capital in Central and Eastern Europe. A critical assessment and literature review,
  35. (2004). Social capital in rural areas of Latvia within the context of public organisations,
  36. (2003). Social capital in the change of the Czech agriculture,
  37. (1988). Social capital in the creation of human capital,
  38. (2002). Social capital in theory and practice: Where do we stand?,
  39. (2001). Social capital in transition: A first look at the evidence, Working Paper No. 61, EBRD, London. Axel Wolz, Jana Fritzsch, Jitka Pencáková
  40. (2002). Social capital, growth, and poverty: A survey of cross-country evidence, in: GROOTAERT, C., BASTELAER, T. VAN (eds): The Role of Social Capital in Development. An Empirical Assessment,
  41. (1998). Social capital: Its origins and applications in modern sociology,
  42. (2003). Social capital: Reviewing the concept and its policy implications, Research Paper,
  43. (1998). Social capital: The missing link?, World Bank Social Capital Initiative Working Paper No. 3, Washington DC. Social capital among agricultural producers in the Czech Republic 27 GROOTAERT,
  44. (2001). Soziale Netzwerke: Hemmnis oder treibende Kraft im ländlichen Raum, in:
  45. (2004). Success and failure of reform: Insights from the transition of agriculture,
  46. (2002). Symposium on social capital:
  47. (2004). The creation and destruction of social capital: Entrepreneurship, co-operative movements and institutions,
  48. (2006). The impact of social capital on Polish farm incomes: Findings of an empirical survey,
  49. (1965). The logic of collective action,
  50. (2004). The role of social capital in promoting institutional changes in transitional agriculture, in:
  51. (2000). The rural transition in post-socialist Central Europe and the Balkans, Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Working Paper No. 9,
  52. (2002). Trade organisations of agricultural producers,
  53. (1993). Why collectivization of agriculture in socialist countries has failed. A transaction cost approach,

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.