Location of Repository

The Effect of Learning Varies According to Locality: Micro Data Analysis of the Lawyer Market in Japan

By Eiji Yamamura


Using individual level data, this paper examines how and to what extent behavior and perception of those bringing lawsuit’s differ between large district courts (competitive lawyer market) and medium or small district ones (less competitive lawyer markets). The major findings are; (1) in medium or small, but not large districts, trial experience discourages people from employing a lawyer. (2) A natural person is less likely to employ a lawyer than a legal entity in medium or small districts, but not in large ones. (3) The self-rated cost of searching for a lawyer is lower in large districts than small ones. It follows from these results that the lower competitive pressure in the lawyer markets in medium and small districts results in higher costs to employ a lawyer than is found in large districts.Lawyer market; learning

OAI identifier:

Suggested articles



  1. (2002). A cost-benefit analysis of enlarging the Japanese judicial system,
  2. (1994). Cultural beliefs and the organization of Society: A historical and theoretical reflection on collectivist and individualist societies,
  3. (1963). Dispute Resolution in Contemporary Japan. Pp. 41-72 in Law in Japan: The Legal Order in a Changing Society, edited by Arthur von Mehren.
  4. (2004). Economic Organizations and Corporate Governance in 14 Japan: The Impact of Formal and Informal Rules.
  5. (2009). Frequency of contact with foreigners in a homogenous society: perceived consequences of foreigner increases in Japan.
  6. (2002). Institutions and impersonal exchange: from communal to individual responsibility,
  7. (1999). Japanese Law: An Economic Approach.
  8. (2001). Recommendations of the Justice System Reform Council: For a Justice System to Support Japan in the 21st Century. (available at http://www.kantei.go.jp/foreign/judiciary/2001/0612report.html.: accessed on
  9. (1988). Reluctant litigant revisited: rationality and disputers in Japan,
  10. (2000). Survey of Civil Action Users (Minji Sosho Riyo-sha Chosa).
  11. (2006). The industrial organization of the Japanese bar: levels and determinants of attorney income.
  12. (2008). The market for lawyers and social capital: Are informal rules a substitute for formal Ones?
  13. (1978). The myth of the reluctant litigant.
  14. (2000). The nature and consequences of lawyers’ market regulation
  15. (1989). The rational litigant: settlement amounts and verdict rates in Japan,
  16. (2006). The unreluctant litigant? An empirical analysis of Japan’s turn to litigation,

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.