Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Long-Run Mortality Effects of Vietnam-Era Army Service: Evidence from Australia’s Conscription Lotteries

By Peter Siminski and Simon Ville

Abstract

We estimate the effect of Vietnam era Army service on mortality, exploiting Australia’s conscription lotteries for identification. We utilise population data on deaths during 1994-2007 and militarypersonnel records. The estimates are identified by over 51,000 compliers induced to enlist in the Army, including almost 16,000 who served in Vietnam. The implicit comparison group is the set of men who did not serve in the Army, but who would have served had their date of birth been selected in the ballot. We find no statistically significant effects on mortality overall, nor for any cause of death (by ICD-10 Chapter). Under reasonable assumptions on the death rate of compliers, the results can be expressed as relative risks (RR) of death during 1994-2007. The estimated overall RR associated with Army service is 1.03 (95% CI: 0.92, 1.19). On the assumption that Army service affected mortality only for those who served in Vietnam, the estimated RR for Vietnam Veterans is 1.06 (95% CI: 0.81, 1.51). We also find no evidence to support a hypothesis of offsetting effects due to domestic Army service (beneficial to longevity) and service in Vietnam (detrimental).mortality; Vietnam veterans; Australia; conscription lottery

OAI identifier:

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (1997). A Nation at War. Australian Politics,
  2. (1997). Appendix: The National Service Scheme 1964-1972',
  3. (2005). Australian National Service Vietnam Veterans Mortality and Cancer Incidence Study
  4. (2005). Australian Vietnam Veterans Mortality Study
  5. (1992). Dapsone exposure, Vietnam service and cancer incidence.
  6. (1986). Delayed Effects of the Military Draft on Mortality', The New England
  7. (2009). Did Vietnam Veterans Get Sicker in the 1990s? The Complicated effects Of Military Service on Self-Reported Health.
  8. (2008). Education and Health: Evaluating Theories and Evidence',
  9. (1994). Identification and Estimation of Local Average Treatment Effects',
  10. (1996). Identification of Causal Effects Using Instrumental Variables',
  11. (2010). Long Run Employment Effects of Service in the Vietnam War: Evidence from the Australian Conscription Lotteries';
  12. (2008). Long-Term Economic Consequences of Vietnam-Era Conscription: Schooling, Experience and Earnings.
  13. (1987). Mortality among Australian conscripts of the Vietnam conflict era. I. Death from All Causes',
  14. Mortality among Australian conscripts of the Vietnam conflict era. II. Causes of Death',
  15. (1997). Mortality of National Service Vietnam Veterans.
  16. (2009). Mostly Harmless Econometrics.
  17. (1984). The Mortality Report. 3 vols., Australian Veterans Health Studies;
  18. (2005). The Relationship between Education and Adult Mortality in the United States ',
  19. (2010). Two-Sample Instrumental Variables Estimators', The Review of Economics and

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.