Location of Repository

Innovation Processes and Factors on Peripheral Regions of Portugal and Spain

By Maria Manuela Natário


The innovation is the main locomotive of the economic growth and competitiveness. The understanding about innovation process has updated in last decades. The innovation concept not only includes the innovation, but also increases innovation, that can be operated in products but also in the production process, that can be in the conception of the product but also at the level of the market and even at the organizational level. The interactive models of innovation process are put upon linear models and are related with the context, environmental territory. The innovation as a system of innovation became fundamental to competitiveness. Based on these observations, this work intends to analyze the processes and innovation factors, but also enhancing the importance of innovation in system and discussing the main factors which stimulate innovation. The analysis happens on 5 NUTS III at the border of Portugal and Spain. We used the clusters analysis to verify how the companies are positioned in relation to the innovation activities. We intend to characterize the factors and processes of innovation, which distinguish the company’s groupings. The results appear to reveal the existence of three groups of companies and the distinction factors are linked to: general characteristics of companies and its director; initial objectives and innovate sources; cooperation relationships; financial support and obstacles to innovate.Process of Innovation; Regional Innovation Systems; Innovation.

OAI identifier:

Suggested articles



  1. (1998). A
  2. (2001). A Inovação em Portugal: II Inquérito Comunitário às Actividades de Inovação.
  3. (2001). A Transição para a Economia do Conhecimento em Portugal.
  4. (2006). Attitudes to Territorial Innovation Process in Raia Central Ibérica,
  5. (1997). CEO Characteristics and Technological Innovativeness: A Canadian Perspective. Revue Canadienne des Sciences de L’Administration.
  6. (2001). Competitividade, Inovação e Territórios. Oeiras: Celta Editora.
  7. (2006). Contextualising Regional Innovation Systems in a Globalising Learning Economy: On Knowledge Bases and Institutional Frameworks.
  8. (2002). Factores Determinantes da Definição das Actividades de I&D. in III Encontro Iberoamericano. Realizado em
  9. (1999). From Space to Territory: Relational Development and Territorial Competitiveness, Revue d’Economie Régionale et Urbaine -
  10. (2006). Globalisation of Knowledge Production and Regional Innovation Policy: Supporting Specialized Hubs in Developing Countries. Circle Electronic Working Paper.
  11. (2005). ICT’s and Territorial Competitiveness in the Area of Internet.
  12. (1998). Innovation and Competitiveness: a Review,
  13. (2006). Innovation in Complex Networks – the State –of-the-Art and propositions for Further Research.
  14. (2000). Innovation Policy in a Knowledge-Based Economy. A Merit Study Commissioned By the European Commission Enterprise Directorate General. Commission of the European Communities.
  15. (1999). Innovation Systems and Capabilities. Paper prepared within the framework of the TSER/RISE. Program for the European Commission (DGXII) STEP Gruppen.
  16. (1994). Innovation, Economics & Evolution: Theoretical Perspectives on Changing Technology in Economic Systems.
  17. (1992). Inovação e Desenvolvimento Tecnológico: Conceitos, Modelos e Medidas. Pistas para a Investigação Aplicada.
  18. (2001). Inovar para Desenvolver: uma Abordagem a Partir do Conceito de Gestão de Trajectórias Territoriais de Inovação.
  19. (2000). Institutions and Organizations in Systems of Innovation.
  20. (1988). Institutions Supporting Technical Change in the United States.
  21. (1988). Japan: a New National System of Innovation?.
  22. (2001). Loan Guarantees: Costs of Defaults and Benefits to small Firms,
  23. (1997). Markets and Innovativeness: Does Structure Influence Innovation a Performance?
  24. National Innovation System. Paris :
  25. (2000). National Systems of Innovation
  26. (2000). Networks, National Innovation Systems and Self-Organisation.
  27. (1999). No Limiar de um Novo Milénio: Seis Teses sobre Inovação na Economia do Conhecimento.
  28. (1997). OECD Proposed Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Technological Innovation Data-Oslo Manual OECD/EUROSTAT.
  29. (1992). OECD Proposed Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Technological Innovation Data-Oslo Manual OECD/GD(92)26.
  30. (1999). Por uma Política de Apoio à Evolução Tecnológica da Economia Portuguesa.
  31. (2003). Regional Innovation Policy for Small-Medium Enterprises. Cheltenham/Lyme: Edward Elgar.
  32. (1998). Regional Innovation System. London:
  33. (2004). Regional Innovation Systems in Canada: A Comparative Study.
  34. (1991). Réseaux D’innovation et Dynamique Territoriale - un Essai de Typologie. Revue d’Économie Régionale et Urbaine-RERU.
  35. (1993). Réseaux d’Innovation et Milieux Innovateurs: un Pari pour le Développement Régional.
  36. (2001). Serviços e Transição para a Economia do Conhecimento em Portugal.
  37. (1988). Sources, Procedures and Microeconomic Effects of Innovation.
  38. (2000). Système Local d’Innovation: Facteurs de Cohésion et de Pérennité.
  39. (2005). Systems of Innovation: Perspectives and Challenges.
  40. (1997). Systems of Innovation: Technologies, Institutions and Organizations. London and Washington:
  41. (2006). The Allocation of Public Support to Small Food Firms in Belgium, Ireland and UK.
  42. (1997). The Promotion of Innovation in Regional Policy: Proposals for a Regional Innovation Strategy.
  43. (2000). Towards European Innovation and Diffusion Policy for the Knowledge-Driven Economy. Prepared as Part of the Project Innovation Policy in a Knowledge-Based Economy. Commissioned by the European Commission.
  44. (2001). Uma Interpretação sobre a Influência das Dinâmicas de Mudança Tecnológica na Inovação em Portugal. in Conferência: Como Está a Economia Portuguesa?.
  45. Une Nouvelle Economie? Transformation du Rôle de L’Innovation et des Technologies de L’Information dans la Croissance.
  46. (2007). Universities, Regional Innovation Systems and the Bangalore Experience: Towards a Contextual and Evolutionary Perspective.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.