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Is the development of the agro-processing industry pro-poor?: The case of Thailand

By Michio Watanabe, Naoto Jinji and Mitsuyo Kurihara

Abstract

We examine how the development of the agro-processing industry contributed to poverty reduction in Thailand. The effects on farmers' income are emphasized because most of the poor in Thailand are farmers. The development of the agro-processing industry could improve farmers' income through two channels: (i) the purchase of agricultural products; and (ii) the employment of the poor farmers at factories. We show that the development of the agro-processing industry, which also played a leading role in the high economic growth of the Thai economy, contributed to poverty reduction through both of the two channels. It was hence pro-poor.Thailand Pro-poor growth Agro-processing industry Poverty reduction

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