Location of Repository

Decentralized Local Governance In Fragile States: Learning From Iraq

By Derick W. Brinkerhoff and Ronald W. Johnson

Abstract

This article examines the role that local governance plays in creating an effective state and in building constructive state—society relations. Reconstruction efforts in fragile, post-conflict states have focused largely on central government, yet decentralized local authorities offer a number of positive features. Looking at the governance reconstruction experience in Iraq, the analysis explores the extent to which these positive features have characterized Iraqi sub-national government. The article draws lessons for governance reconstruction more generally, addressing decentralization choices, capacity-building, and political factors.capacity-building; decentralization; good governance; Iraq; post-conflict.

OAI identifier:

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (2007b) ‘Good Enough Governance Revisited’,
  2. (1956). A Pure Theory of Local Expenditures’,
  3. (2005). A Sequential Theory of Decentralization: Latin American Cases in Comparative Perspective’,
  4. (2000). Agency for International Development
  5. (2007). An Iraq of Its Regions: Cornerstones of a Federal Democracy?
  6. (1989). Analyzing Decentralization Policies in Developing Countries: A Political-Economy Framework’,
  7. (2006). Assessing the Merits of Decentralization as a Conflict Mitigation Strategy’,
  8. Australia: Centre for Independent Studies,
  9. (2005). Available at: http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20090113/ap_on_re_mi_ea/ml_iraq_elections
  10. (2008). Building Local Governance in Iraq: Limits
  11. (2000). Capture and Governance at Local and National Levels’,
  12. (2004). Comparative Federalism and Decentralization: On Meaning and Measurement’,
  13. (2001). Conditions for Effective Decentralized Governance: A Synthesis of Research Findings’,
  14. (2003). Conflict Management in Post-Authoritarian Indonesia: Federalism, Autonomy, and the Dilemma of Democratisation’,
  15. (2005). Creating Representative Councils in Baghdad. Iraq Local Governance Program.
  16. (2006). Decentralization and Community Empowerment: Does Community Empowerment Deepen Democracy and Improve Service Delivery?’
  17. (2002). Decentralization and Health System Reform’, Insights for Implementers Series No.
  18. (2003). Decentralization and Poverty Reduction in Africa: The Politics of Local—Central Relations’,
  19. (2006). Decentralization Dilemma: Measuring the Degree and Evaluating the Outcomes’,
  20. (2007). Decentralization, Deconcentration, and Poverty Reduction in the Asia Pacific’,
  21. (2007). Decentralization, Local Governance, and Conflict Mitigation’,
  22. (2004). Decentralized Governance in Fragmented Societies: Solution or Cause of New Evils?’,
  23. (2007). Federalism in Asia.
  24. (2004). Good Governance, Clientelism and Patrimonialism: New Perspectives on Old Problems’,
  25. (2002). Governance Reforms and Failed States: Challenges and Implications’,
  26. (2008). How Soon Can Donors Exit from Post-Conflict States?’ Working Paper No.
  27. (2008). Index of State Weakness in the Developing World.
  28. Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction) (2009) Hard Lessons: The Iraq Reconstruction Experience.
  29. (2001). Institutions, Path Dependence, and Democratic Consolidation’,
  30. (2007). Introduction — Governance Challenges in Fragile States: Re-establishing Security, Rebuilding Effectiveness, and Reconstituting Legitimacy’,
  31. (2007). Iraq’s New Political Map.
  32. (2006). Iraq’s Year of Voting Dangerously’,
  33. (2009). Iraqi Voting Rules Raise Concern about Challenges’,
  34. (2004). Local Governance in Africa: The Challenges of Democratic Decentralization.
  35. (2005). Local Governance Program Final Report’,
  36. (2004). Local Health and Education Services in Madagascar: The Impact of Remoteness on Poverty-Focused Service Delivery’, paper presented at
  37. (2008). OECD/DAC (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development/Development Assistance Committee)
  38. (2008). of Local Government
  39. (2006). Oxfam Australia and Oxfam New Zealand
  40. (2007). Parallel and Partnership Approaches to Decentralized Governance: Experience in Weak States’,
  41. (2000). Participation and Accountability at the Periphery: Democratic Local Governance in Six Countries’,
  42. (2009). Peace by Design: Managing Intrastate Conflict through Decentralization.
  43. (2001). Political Underdevelopment: What Causes “Bad Governance”’,
  44. (2004). Promoting Good Governance in Post-Conflict Societies’, Discussion Paper.
  45. (2006). Regional Variation in Local Governance’,
  46. (2007). Reshuffling an Old Deck of Cards? The Politics of Local Government Reform in Sierra Leone’,
  47. (1978). Social Policy Planning in a Federal Structure: A Social Learning Strategy’, Evaluation and Program Planning
  48. (1976). Social Science and Public Policy.
  49. (2005). Squandered Victory: The American Occupation and the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq.
  50. (1988). Strong Societies and Weak States: State-Society Relations and State Capabilities in the Third World.
  51. (2007). Subnational Administration and State Building: Lessons from Afghanistan’,
  52. (2007). Subnationalism and Post-conflict Governance: Lessons from Africa’,
  53. (2007). The Afghan Grassroots: All Politics is Local, Even in Nangarhar Province’, The Weekly Standard 12(46, 8 August). Available at:
  54. (2007). The Architecture of Government: Rethinking Political Decentralization. New York:
  55. (2007). The International Compact with Iraq: A Shared Vision, A Mutual Commitment’, Available at: http://www.iraqcompact.org/
  56. (2008). To Sideline Taliban, Afghan Agency Extends Government’s Reach’,
  57. (1991). Tribes and State Formation in the Middle East.
  58. (2007). Writing the Future: Provincial Development Strategies in Iraq’, Research Triangle Park, NC. Available at: http://www.lgp-iraq.org/ RTI International (2008) ‘Law of Governorates not Incorporated into a Region: An Annotated Text’, Research Triangle Park,

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.