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Fetava-yı Ataullah, [1125, i.e. 1713].

By 1609 or 10-1678. 880-01 Minkarizade Yahya Efendi and d. 1715. 880-04 Ataullah Mehmet Efendi


Well-annotated and quite early copy of the collection of fatwás of Minkarizade Yahya Efendi compiled by Ataullah Mehmet Efendi (d.1715).Origin: As appears in colophon on p.772, transcription finished 29 Rabīʻ II 1125 [ca. 25 May 1713].Accompanying materials: Numerous inserts have been paginated including a few documents, scraps carrying notes or glosses, an entire bifolium from another manuscript, etc. ; several half-sheets, mainly blank, have been sewn in (see pp.147-148, pp.199-200, pp.475-476, etc.).Former shelfmark: British Museum, London "No. 135. Legal decisions of Muh. Ata Allah."Binding: Limp dark brown leather (unusual grain) ; Type III binding (without flap) ; linings in laid paper ; upper and lower covers bear blind-tooled floral motifs for the central ornament, border and cornerpieces where they resemble carnations ; sewn in a red thread, two stations, though sewing often gone ; endbands entirely gone apart from traces of primaries ; in extremely poor condition with significant abrasion, moisture damage, shrinkage (lower cover in particular, which is quite ill-fitting), losses of spine leather, etc.Support: European laid paper with 11 laid lines per cm. (horizontal) and chain lines spaced 26-28 mm. apart ; flower (?) watermark ; much staining ; moisture and or oil damage ; burn (acidic?) to edges.Decoration: Keywords and section headings rubricated ; overlining and textual dividers in the form of discs in red ; written area in first few quires surrounded by red rule-border.Script: Nastaʻlīq (talik) ; bold Turkish hand ; sans serif with effect of words descending to baseline, mainly closed counters, many sweeping descenders and elongated horizontal strokes, exaggerated contrast in line thickness between horizontal and vertical strokes ; single quire near the end of the text (pp.623-642) supplied in a different hand, being quite a neat Ottoman naskh.Layout: Written in 29 lines per page ; frame-ruled.Collation: i, III (6), VI (18), 34 V(358), V-8 (360), IV (368) ; chiefly quinions ; third quire from last appears to be missing (between pp.752-753, compare catchwords and foliation) ; catchwords present ; foliation in black ink, Hindu-Arabic numerals ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (includes flyleaf and inserts, skips two pages each between pp.19-20, pp.109-110, pp.239-240).Colophon: "Scribal", rectangular, reads: "تمت الكتاب في شهر ربيع الاخر في ٢٩ سنة خمس وعشرين ومائة والف "Explicit: "حد قديم نه در الجواب برامردركه اولنى بيلور اولميه حد القديم ما لا يحفظه القران من محيط البرهاني في كتاب ما يمنع عنه الانسان ما لا يمنع. تم الكتاب بعون الله الملك الوهاب وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد واله واصحابه اجمعين والحمد لله رب العالمين تم الكتاب"Incipit: "حمد وسپاس وشكر بى قياس خداى لا يزالى [كذا] لا يزاله كه اختراع كرده انواع انسان"Title from inscription on incipit page (p.18).Ms. codex.Brockelmann, C. GAL,Rieu, C. Catalogue of the Turkish Manuscripts in the British Museum,Well-annotated and quite early copy of the collection of fatwás of Minkarizade Yahya Efendi compiled by Ataullah Mehmet Efendi (d.1715).Mode of access: Internet.Acquired by purchase along with Abdul Hamid Collection (funds donated by Horace Rackham).Bookplate of British Museum, London on interior of upper cover, "British Museum, London. No. 135. Legal decisions of Muh. Ata Allah." ; circular seal impression with figure of goat/gazelle in purple ink as well as inscription "108" in Western numerals on front flyleaf (p.1) ; large circular waqf seal impression dated 1324 [1906 or 7] in the name of the Ottoman sultan Abdülhamit II (1842-1918, r.1876-1909) for the library of the müftü Abdullah el-Erzincani (كتبخانه مفتي عبد الله الازنجانى ) appears on incipit page (p.18), at close (p.772), and elsewhere, reads "قد وقف هذا الكتاب السلطان الغازي عبد الحميد خان ثاني [؟] لكتبخانه مفتى عبد الله [؟] الارزنجانى بشرط ان لا يخرج منها ١٣٢٤" (compare appearance in Isl. Ms. 79) ; possible ownership statement in outer margin of incipit page (p.18), partially lost ; numerous notabilia (side-heads) and glosses ; occasional marginal corrections

Topics: Manuscripts, Arabic, Manuscripts, Turkish, Islamic law, Fatwas
Year: 1713
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