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al-Mukhtār lil-fatwá, [804, i.e. 1401 or 1402].

By 1202 or 3-1284. ʻAbd Allāh ibn Maḥmūd 880-01 Mawṣilī and scribe. fl. 1401 or 2 880-05 ʻAlī ibn Khalīl ibn Amīn ibn Zakarīyā ibn ʻĪsá ibn Farrā Sulaymān


Early copy of Abū al-Faḍl ʻAbd Allāh ibn Maḥmūd ibn Mawdūd al-Mawṣilī al-Buldajī’s (d. 683/1284) compendium of Ḥanafī legal decisions. See Isl. Ms. 542 and Isl. Ms. 543 for other ms. copies of this work.Origin: As appears in colophon on p.224, copied by ʻAlī ibn Khalīl ibn Amīn ibn Zakarīyā ibn ʻĪsá ibn Farrā Sulaymān [?] in the year 804 H [1401 or 1402 M].Accompanying materials: Two inserted slips, both included in pagination, one folded piece containing calligraphy practice in black ink (p.10), the other a folded blank insert (pp.87-88) ; between pp.82-83, (not paginated) a slip with text in black ink, piece of marginalia from top left of p.175.Former shelfmark: British Museum, London "No. 114. Al-Mukhtar li 'l-fatwa."Binding: Pasteboards originally covered in brown leather, seen on fore-edge, spine, and turn-ins with paper impressed on the tooled leather (see upper and lower covers as well as envelope flap) ; Type II binding (with flap) ; original leather blind-tooled, with florets and horizontal bars ; repairs/secondary binding in leather seen on spine and turn-ins ; sewn in cream thread, four sewing stations ; endbands in mustard and light green ; in poor condition with red rot and abrasion on all corners, head of fore-edge flap missing, and pasteboards delaminating ; vertical crack down front board, old repair with strip of laid paper.Support: European and non-European (Arab) laid paper ; early quires in European paper with bow and arrow watermark (see p.62, 64, etc. corresponding with Inventory J 340, Piccard watermark collection No. 123436), laid lines spaced roughly 7 laid lines per cm. and chain lines (vertical) roughly 38 mm. apart ; others in European paper having tower with three merlons watermark (see p.71, 74, etc. very similar to Inventory J 340, Piccard watermark collection, No. 100313 but earlier production thereof), laid lines spaced roughly 8-9 laid lines per cm. and chain lines (vertical) difficult to see but spaced roughly 35-40 mm. apart ; non-European (Arab) laid paper for the mid to latter quires, with some arrangement of groups of threes and twos or groups of three (see p.158), roughly 11 mm. between the chains and roughly 43 mm. between the groups ; some pages breaking along chain lines (stabilized by previous conservator with laid paper, cream colored, water-soluble adhesive ; current conservation with Japanese paper and sodium CMC) ; iron gall ink of main text with minor flaking and some ink burn on some pages.Decoration: A few textual dividers in the form of inverted commas ; one page (p.48) ruled with red rule-border ; diagram in margin of p.84 ; text rubricated with chapter headings, section breaks "فصل", sigla, textual dividers, etc. in red.Script: Naskh ; clear Syrian or Egyptian (?) hand ; mainly sans serif but right-sloping head serifs appearing occasionally on lām, free-standing alif, etc. ; kāf mashkūlah preferred ; mostly closed counters ; interesting lām alif ligature where letters form a kind of loop ; text of p.69-70 supplied later in a different hand, also a naskh seemingly imitating the main hand ; glosses in at least three hands.Layout: Written in 11 lines per page ; frame-ruled.Collation: i, II(4), I(6), 3 IV(30), V(40), 7 IV(96), II(100), III(106), I+1(109), i; chiefly quaternions ; catchwords present ; pagination in pencil, Western numerals, supplied during digitization (flyleaves and inserts included in pagination).Colophon: "Scribal," mainly triangular, reads: "تمت بعون الله تعالى و حسن توقيفه و صلى الله على سيدنا محمد و اله اجمعين و صحبه الطاهرين اجمعين و الله اعلم بالصواب كتبه على [كذا] عبد الضعيف المذنب المحتاج الى رحمة الله تعالى علي بن خليل بن امين بن زكريا بن عيسى بن فدا سلمان [؟] غفر الله له و لواديه و لجميع المسلمين و المسلمات امين يا رب العالمين تم تاريخ سنة اربع ثمانمائة"Explicit: "ولا يدخل مولى الموالاة ولا مولى المولى الا عند عدمهم وان كان له موال اعتقوه وموال واعتقهم فهي باطلة"Incipit: "الحمد لله على جزيل نعمائه احمده على جليل الاية [كذا] و اشكره على جميل بلائه و اشهد ان لا اله الا هو شهادة اعدها ليوم لقائه [كلمات مشطوبة: "اشهد ان لا اله الا"] ان محمدا عبده و رسوله سيد رسله … وبعد فطلب مني الي من وجب جوابه على ان اجمع له مختصرا على مذهب الامام ابى حنيفة … و سيمته الدختار للفتوى … كتاب الطهارة من اراد الصلوة و هو محدث فليتوضا"Title supplied by cataloguer.Ms. codex.Ḥājjī Khalīfah. Kashf al-ẓunūn,Brockelmann, C. GAL,Early copy of Abū al-Faḍl ʻAbd Allāh ibn Maḥmūd ibn Mawdūd al-Mawṣilī al-Buldajī’s (d. 683/1284) compendium of Ḥanafī legal decisions. See Isl. Ms. 542 and Isl. Ms. 543 for other ms. copies of this work.Mode of access: Internet.Acquired by purchase along with Abdul Hamid Collection (funds donated by Horace Rackham).Bookplate of British Museum, London on inner front cover,"British Museum, London. No. 114. Al-Mukhtar li 'l-fatwa." ; circular seal impression with figure of goat/gazelle in purple ink as well as inscription "182" in Western numerals on front flyleaf verso ; on paper (tinted) pasted on fol.1a (p.3), a detailed waqf statement in the name of al-Sayyid ʻAbd Allāh Adīb (Abdullah Edip), known as Jannatʹzādah (Cennet-zade), qāḍī of Erzurum, accompanied by his seal, reads: "وقفت وقفا صحيحا شرعيا بشرط ان لا يخرج من بيت الكتب الملتصق بداري الا لعلماء سكنوا بارضروم بكفيل مرعى اورهن قوي وانا الفقير السيد عبد الله اديب الشهير بجنت زاده في سنة اثنى وستين ومائتين والف" ; numerous marginal corrections and interlinear corrections throughout ; grammatical explanation in black ink on interior of upper cover ; marginal glosses in black ink throughout ; additional matter such as fatāwa statements on front and back flyleaves

Topics: Manuscripts, Arabic, Hanafites, Islamic law
Year: 1401
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