From the early 1990s, Greece has been experiencing a strong immigration flow consisting of various nationality groups with different demographic profiles and structures. The immigrant population is not uniformly distributed spatially and consists of various nationality groups with different demographic behaviours. Therefore, the examination of the implications of immigration on the population size and structure at a low geographical level, according to the nationality composition of the foreign population, is useful in finding population structures which are impossible to observe otherwise. This paper examines the impact of immigration on the population size, age and sex structure of the population in Greek municipalities. In order to do this, statistical clustering techniques have been utilised to define homogeneous groups of municipalities with respect to the nationality composition of their foreign population as well as the impact of immigration on their size and demographic characteristics.
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