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Thermodynamic analysis of the operation of two-stage metal-hydride heat pumps

By Da-Wen Sun

Abstract

One of the most important applications of metal hydrides is for heat pumps. A two-stage heat pump is superior to a single-stage heat pump because the former has higher efficiency and wider operational temperature range. This paper carries out a systematic study on two-stage heat pumps. Six cycles of two-stage heat pumps are analysed and compared, the selection of metal hydrides for these heat pumps is discussed, the actual COP equations are derived and the effects of some parameters on COP are examined. The study shows that the low-pressure-side two-stage heat pump is suitable for heat upgrading and the high-pressure-side two-stage heat pumps for heat amplifying and refrigerating. For high efficiency of the systems, the metal hydrides used should have [Delta]HH/[Delta]HM = 1 and [Delta]HM/[Delta]HL

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