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Improving productivity and welfare among workers of small and household textile and garment units in India

By Sanjay RODE


Global Production System has changed remarkably over the period of time. In order to cope up with the change in the nature and type of production, the small and household garment and textile units are employing the younger and skilled labor force. The workers in these units are employed on the contract, causal and temporary basis. They are not given the different benefits as applicable to the large scale unit workers. Such workers are employed more hours and weekly holidays are not given to them. The small and household units are simply maximizing their interest and profit. Such capitalist nature of productive activities makes the labor worse. They are given less wages and classified as unskilled workers. Workers are not given proper training and security of work by these units. Their access to productive assets and standard of living is low as compare to the large unit’s workers. In order to improve the workers conditions, minimum wage should be given to all workers in small and household units. Such units must maintain their annual records of transactions. Small and household units must send their workers for compulsory training. Work place environment, minimum hours of work are required to regulate in these sectors. Immediate steps will have positive impact on workers earning and standard of living. It will help for further productivity enhancement.productivity, welfare, social security, working conditions

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  1. (2002). Flexible production, Feminization and Disorganization: Evidence from Tirupur Knitwear Industry’, Economic and Political Weekly,
  2. (2006). Globalization, labor markets and gender inequity: consultant on India study’, prepared for UNOPS (United Nations Office for Project Services)

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