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Migração e desigualdade regional de renda: uma análise do estado de Minas Gerais comparado com o Brasil

By Jose Eustaquio Ribeiro Vieira Filho


The present work investigates whether Brazilian migrants (individuals that live outside their home state) income is, on average, at the level or superior to non-migrant workers. We also present a comparative analysis of income distribution between migrant and non-migrant workers for Brazil and Minas Gerais County specifically in the years of 2002 and 2004. In order to do this we employed a methodology based on two main aspects; earning equations and data measuring inequality and poverty rates obtained from the Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicilios institute (PNAD). The results obtained here indicate that migrants form a group positively selected displaying an average income higher than those of the non-migrant group. Nevertheless we found no evidence showing that the income differential between migrants and non-migrants contributes to a significant increase in inequality rates in the period studied here. A decrease in the estimated coefficient ï¹ shows, assuming that the migratory flow remains constant, a decline in the importance of the migrant in explaining income variation between individuals and that this decline could be prompting a reduction in income inequality rate levels.Migrants, Earning equations, Inequality, Income distribution, Community/Rural/Urban Development,

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