This paper provides an estimate of the costs to the Victorian community in 2009-2010. The findings from this study suggest that the costs of crime in Victoria in 2009-2010 were $9.8 billion. This amount is equivalent to $1678 per person in Victoria or 3.4% of Gross State Product in Victoria in 2009-2010. Where possible, Victorian contemporaneous estimates of the per incident cost of crime have been used. However, in many instances this information is not available and we have had to use earlier values for Victoria or data from other jurisdictions converted to 2010 Australian dollars. For this reason, the estimates reported here, as well as in similar other studies, should not be regarded as definitive.