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The Language Effect in International Trade: A Meta-Analysis

By Peter Egger and Andrea Lassmann


Gravity models of international trade have been frequently applied to estimate the impact of common (official or spoken) language on bilateral trade. This study provides a meta-analysis based on 701 language effects collected from 81 academic articles. On average, a common (official or spoken) language increases trade flows directly by 44%.common language, gravity, international trade, trade costs

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