Location of Repository

Greener Acres or Greener Waters? Potential U.S. Impacts of Agricultural Trade Liberalization

By Robert C. Johansson, Joseph C. Cooper and Utpal Vasavada

Abstract

This paper examines the elimination of all agricultural policy distortions in all trading countries and agricultural production decisions in the United States, as well as subsequent environmental quality in the presence and absence of nondegradation environmental standards. The results suggest that trade liberalization has the potential to increase domestic production and boost agricultural returns by as much as 8.5 percent. Consumer surplus would likely fall, and the discharge of nutrients, sediment, and pesticides would likely increase. However, environmental policies can limit these adverse environmental impacts and mute the potential decrease in consumer surplus, while leaving increased returns to agricultural production.agriculture, trade reform, environment, nondegradation, Environmental Economics and Policy, International Relations/Trade,

OAI identifier:
Downloaded from http://purl.umn.edu/10195

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (2004). A Carrot and Stick Approach to Environmental Improvement:
  2. (2005). Agricultural Policy Reform in the WTO: The Road Ahead. Agricultural Economic
  3. (1992). Agricultural Trade Liberalisation and the Environment:
  4. (2001). Balanced Process, Balanced Results: Sustainability Assessments and Trade.” WWF–World Wildlife Fund for Nature,
  5. (2004). Beyond Environmental Compliance: Sustainable Business Practices and the Bottom Line for Farmers.” Amber Waves
  6. (2003). Can a Water Market Avert the ‘Double-Whammy’ of Trade Reform and Lead to a ‘WinWin’
  7. (1998). Department of Agriculture,
  8. (2000). Environment Programme.
  9. (1992). Environmental and Farm Commodity Policy Linkages in the U.S. and the EC.”
  10. (2000). Environmental Protection Agency.
  11. (2003). ERS/Penn State WTO Model Documentation.” Available at http://trade.aers.psu.edu/docu[-] mentation.cfm (accessed
  12. (2005). Executive Order 13141. 1999. Executive Order 13141 of November 16, 1999: Environmental Review of Trade Agreements. The White House,
  13. (2002). Farm Act: Provisions and Implications for Commodity Markets.” Agricultural Information Bulletin No.
  14. (2001). Is Free Trade Good for the Environment?”
  15. (2002). Is Trade Good or Bad for the Environment? Sorting Out the Causality.” Working Paper No.
  16. (2001). Ministerial Declaration— WT/MIN(01)/DEC/1, 20.” Available at www.wto.org/eng[-] lish/ (accessed
  17. (2000). National Water Quality Inventory:
  18. (1990). Natural Resources and Users Benefit from the Conservation Reserve Program. Agricultural Economic
  19. (2001). of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit.
  20. (2003). Office of the U.S. Trade Representative.
  21. (1990). Production Practices for Major Crops in U.S. Agriculture,
  22. (1994). Summary Report:
  23. (1996). The Economics of Preferential Trade Agreements. La Vergne,
  24. (1994). The Environment as a Factor of Production: The Effects of Economic Growth and Trade Liberalization.”
  25. (2003). USDA Agricultural Baseline Projections to 2010.” Staff Report No. WAOB-2003-1, World Agricultural Outlook Board,
  26. (2004). Water Quality Standards: Nondegradation Policy.” EPA/Office of Water,

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.