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A non-linear model for forecasting the monthly demand for electricity in Colombia

By JUAN DAVID VELÁSQUEZ, CARLOS JAIME FRANCO and HERNÁN ALONSO GARCÍA

Abstract

ABSTRACT This article provides a comparison of the performance of an ARIMA model, a multilayer perceptron, and an autoregressive neural network for forecasting the monthly demand for electricity in Colombia for the following month. The available data were divided into two different sets, i.e. one set for estimating the model parameters, and the other for evaluating the forecast ability outside the range of the sample calibration data. The results show that the autoregressive neural network is able to forecast the demand more accurately than the other two models when the total available data are considered.

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