Location of Repository

CO2 Highways for Europe: Modeling a Carbon Capture, Transport and Storage Infrastructure for Europe

By Roman Mendelevitch, Johannes Herold, Pao-Yu Oei and Andreas Tissen


We present a mixed integer, multi-period, cost-minimizing carbon capture, transport and storage (CCTS) network model for Europe. The model incorporates endogenous decisions about carbon capture, pipeline and storage investments; capture, flow and injection quantities based on given costs, certificate prices, storage capacities and point source emissions.The results indicate that CCTS can theoretically contribute to the decarbonization of Europe's energy and industry sectors. This requires a CO2 certificate price rising to 55 EUR in 2050, and sufficient CO2 storage capacity available for both on and offshore sites. However, CCTS deployment is highest in CO2-intensive industries where emissions cannot be avoided byfuel switching or alternative production processes. In all scenarios, the importance of the industrial sector as a first mover to induce the deployment of CCTS is highlighted. By contrast, a decrease of available storage capacity or a more moderate increase in CO2 prices will significantly reduce the role of CCTS as a CO2 mitigation technology, especially in the energy sector. Continued public resistance to onshore CO2 storage can only be overcome by constructing expensive offshore storage. Under this restriction, to reach the same levels of CCTS penetration will require doubling of CO2 certificate prices.carbon capture and storage, pipeline, infrastructure, optimization

OAI identifier:

Suggested articles



  1. (2009a): Innovation for sustainable electricity systems. Exploring the dynamics of energy transitions.
  2. (2009). A Comprehensive Carbon Capture and Storage Infrastructure Model.
  3. (2009). A Scalable Infrastructure Model for Carbon Capture and Storage: SimCCS. Energy Policy Volume 37, Issue 3,
  4. (2009). Algorithm to Create a CCS Low-cost Pipeline Network. Energy Procedia,
  5. (2005). Building the Cost Curves for CO2 Storage: European Sector.
  6. (2010). CO2-Storage - German and International Perspective, Presentation at the “Berlin Seminar on Energy and Climate”,
  7. (2004). Cost Curves for CO2 Storage, Part 2: European Sector.
  8. (2009). Energy Mix - Fact Sheets. Retrieved 08 02, 2010, from http://ec.europa.eu/energy/energy_policy/doc/factsheets/country/ EEA (2007): The European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register.
  9. (2009). GeoCapacity (2009a): Assessing European Capacity for Geological Storage of Carbon Dioxide -
  10. GeoCapacity (2009b): WP2 Report - Storage Capacity. EU GeoCapacity, Assessing European Capacity for Geological Storage of Carbon Dioxide, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland.
  11. (2009). Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in a Carbon Constrained World: The Role of Carbon Capture and Storage. Energy Policy, Volume 37, Issue 12,
  12. IEA (2009c): Technology Roadmap - Carbon Capture and Storage.
  13. (2005). IPCC Special Report on
  14. (2005). IPCC Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage. UK:
  15. (2009). Lehrstuhl für Energie- und Rohstoffwesen - TU Berlin. Retrieved January 13., 2010, from http://www.energiewirtschaft.tu-berlin.de/uploads/media/VL9-Grundzuege_der_Elektrizitaetsmaerkte_WS_0910.pdf Wuppertal Institute
  16. (2009). Modeling CO2 Storage Pipeline Routes in the United States. Nicholas School of the Environment , Master’s Project.
  17. (2009). Optimal Spatial Deployment of Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Given a Price on Carbon Dioxide.
  18. (2010). RECCS plus:.Comparison of Renewable Energyy Technologies with Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage, Federal Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety.
  19. (2006). Southwest Regional Partnership on Carbon Sequestration. Revised Semiannual Report.
  20. (2007). The ‘String of Pearls’: The Integrated Assessment Cost and Source-Sink Model.
  21. (2009). The Cost of Carbon Capture and Storage Demonstration Projects in
  22. (2007). Understanding Carbon Sequestration: A Systems Analysis Tool. For the

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.