The article examines the factors influencing research and development (R&D) in manufacturing entities. Using data on a large sample of companies for the period 1995-2007, the finding indicates that large companies have a higher probability of pursuing R&D, although with lower intensity. In terms of magnitudes, a 10% increase in firm size raises R&D intensity by roughly 0.6%. Both the intensity and the probability of undertaking R&D initially declines for older firms. Outward orientation, and especially foreign currency earnings, has a significant bearing on R&D efforts. R&D efforts are also found to vary significantly across firm ownership.R&D intensity, leverage ratio, Tobit model, India,
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