Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Time use and time budgets: Improvements, future challenges and recommendations

By Joachim Merz


“Time-use statistics offer a unique tool for exploring a wide range of policy concerns including social change; division of labour; allocation of time for household work; the estimation of the value of household production; transportation; leisure and recreation; pension plans; and health-care programmes, among others” (United Nations). This expertise will discuss recent developments, improvements and future challenges of time use and time budgets for policy and research with focus on international and in particular German national developments. It is written in the sequel of the last German KVI commission report on the improvement of the information infrastructure between sciences and statistics. Topics are: recent :international time use institutions, data archives and surveys; German time use data bases and their access, actual time use research fields and studies; time use and economic and social policy; new methods in time use survey sampling, future developments and European and international challenges. The conclusions recommend first of all a new German Time Use Survey GTUS 2011/12 and urgently calls for its financing and start of organisation. Specific GTUS improvements, SOEP time use issues, a brand new time use panel and a permanent establishment of the German research data centres (RDCs) are recommended in addition.Time use, time budgets and time use surveys, time use data.

OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (2000). A Multinational Longitudinal Time-Use Data Archive, in:
  2. (2004). Die Zeitverwendung älterer Menschen, in: Statistisches Bundesamt (Hrsg.) (2004), Alltag in Deutschland - Analysen zur Zeitverwendung., Wiesbaden, 216-246 EUROSTAT (2009), Harmonised European Time Use Surveys –
  3. (2004). EuReporting Working Paper No. 25,
  4. (2004). Intra-family time allocation to housework: French evidence, in: electronic
  5. (2004). Poverty and family life: Time use of families with and without poverty risk,
  6. (1999). The Future of Research on Time Use,
  7. (2008). The Impact of Time Use Differentials on Poverty levels in the Eastern and Northern Zones of Tanzania, in:
  8. (1985). The validity and reliability of diaries versus alternative time use measures,
  9. (2005). Time and Economic Poverty – Interdependent Multidimensional Poverty with the German Time Use Survey 2001/02, Manuscript, Research Institute on Professions (FFB),
  10. (1999). Time Use Research: The Roots to the Future, in:
  11. (1999). Trial International Classification of Activities for Time Use Statistics, in:
  12. (2004). Zeitverwendung von Mädchen und Jungen, in: Statistisches Bundesamt (Hrsg.)
  13. (1990). Zur Notwendigkeit und Nutzung von Zeitbudgetdaten in

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.