Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Vocational secondary schooling, occupational choice, and earnings in Brazil

By Ana-Maria Arriagada and Adrian Ziderman


Empirical studies on the efficacy of vocational education, mainly in developing countries - a literature now comprising dozens of evaluation studies - have been fairly unanimous in recording a negative verdict on the costs and benefits of vocational secondary education, particularly compared with traditional academic school. The authors, in this study set in Brazil, reach a different conclusion. Like a number of recent evaluation studies (for Hong Kong, Israel, and the United States), this one challenges the established orthodoxy by reporting findings far more supportive of vocational schooling. Unlike traditional approaches, it focuses on the relationship between field of vocational study and subsequent occupation. The authors report that students who complete vocational school and work in related fields have significant earnings advantages over students who do not work in fields related to what they studied and over students who complete academic school.Education Reform and Management,Primary Education,Gender and Education,Health Monitoring&Evaluation,Teaching and Learning

OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (1992). (forthcoming). Skills for Productivity: Policies for Vocational Education and Training in Developing Countries,
  2. (1985). An Analysis of the Sources of earninas Variation Amona Brazilian Males, Latin American and the Caribbean Region Series,
  3. (1988). Economics of Vocationalization: A Review of the Evidence',
  4. (1965). Education and Social Chanae in Ghana, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
  5. (1980). Long-term Retums to Vocational Training: Evidence from Military Sources",
  6. (1991). New Estimates of the Retums to Schooling in Brazil,
  7. (1985). Retums to Education: A Further Intemational Update and Implications",
  8. (1974). Schooling. Experience and Eamings,
  9. (1976). The Economic Evaluation of Vocational Trainina Programs, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.Policy Research Working Paper Series Contact Title Author Date for paper WPS1019 How Effective are Directed
  10. (1985). The Economics of Vocational Training: Past Evidence and Future Considerations, Staff Working Paper No 173,
  11. (1986). The Educational Composition of the Labour Force: An Intemational Comparison",
  12. (1983). The Rise and Decline of Vocational Education",
  13. (1987). To Vocationalise or Not to Vocationalize: That is the Curriculum Question",
  14. (1979). Vocational Education and the Training of Industrial Labour in Brazil",
  15. (1991). Vocational Schooling, Occupational Matching, and Labor Market Eamings in Israel",

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.