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Following in your parents' footsteps? Empirical Analysis of Matched Parent-Offspring Test Scores

By Sarah Brown, Steve McIntosh and Karl Taylor

Abstract

In this paper, we explore whether an intergenerational relationship exists between the reading and mathematics test scores, taken at ages 7, 11 and 16, of a cohort of individuals born in 1958 and the equivalent test scores of their offspring measured in 1991. Our results suggest that how the parent performs in reading and mathematics during their childhood is positively related to the corresponding reading and mathematics test scores of their offspring as measured at a similar age. Our findings imply that parental ability in numeracy and literacy as a child is positively associated with the ability in numeracy and literacy of their offspring. With respect to gender, a father´s (mother´s) test score generally has a positive influence on the test scores of their daughter (son).Human Capital, Intergenerational Transfers, Literacy, Numeracy

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