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Evaluation of the ocean governance system in Korea

By Dong Oh Cho


Considering the small land, dense population and poor natural resources, the oceans are important to Korea, but the recognition of oceans has been weak in Korean society. So ocean governance was fragmented in both institution and policies, which resulted in serious problems in the coastal waters and oceans. However, a series of maritime accidents and failures of policies increased the recognition of the coastal waters and resources and led to the establishment of one single ocean-related governmental agency in 1996. Over the last decade, the ocean governance in Korea has been successful and strong. The purpose of this article is to evaluate ocean governance and to discuss opportunities and constraints to oceans policy in Korea, with policy implication that can be shared by the international oceans communities.Evaluation Ocean governance Oceans policy Institutional integration Integrated management Constituency Coordination

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