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The Incidence of the Land Use Regulatory Tax

By Ron Cheung, Keith Ihlanfeldt and Tom Mayock

Abstract

Land use regulation has been found to impose a substantial tax on housing within select U.S. metropolitan areas. In this article, we develop hypotheses regarding the incidence of this tax by income class and racial group within these areas. Parcel-level data from Miami-Dade County, Florida, are used to test our hypotheses. We find that, while the tax rises with a household's permanent income, this rise is less than proportional, making it a regressive tax. We also find, controlling for household permanent income, that the tax is a higher percentage of the price of homes located in black neighborhoods in comparison to those located in white or Hispanic neighborhoods. Copyright (c) 2009 American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association.

DOI identifier: 10.1111/j.1540-6229.2009.00260.x
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