Location of Repository

"Global Warming and Transport Policies"

By Yoshitsugu Kanemoto


The Japanese government has advocated a wide range of policy measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from transportation, e.g. improvements of gas mileage, development of alternative fuel vehicles, shifts to walking, bicycles and public transportation for passenger transportation and to trains and ships for cargos, greening of highways. The details of these policies and their effectiveness are not clear, however. Furthermore, virtually no analysis has been provided on the costs and benefits of these policy measures. Unfortunately, the Japanese government has been slow to develop the data infrastructure needed for such an evaluation. This article reviews the studies conducted in the U.S. and Europe, and examines what sort of research is necessary in Japan.

OAI identifier:

Suggested articles



  1. (1997). A basic study on urban transport strategies for environmental friendly city, Japan Transportation Policy Research Association.
  2. (1999). An analysis of CO2 emission reduction effects by automobile related taxes,”
  3. (1992). Buying Greenhouse Insurance: The Economic Costs of Carbon Dioxide Emission Limits,
  4. (1998). Economic evaluation of externality reduction policies for automobile transportation,” Transport Policy Studies’ Review,
  5. (1997). Fuel Economy and Motor Vehicle Emissions,”
  6. (1996). Gasoline Tax as a Corrective Tax: Estimates for the United States, 1970-1991," The Energy Journal Vol.17,
  7. (1994). OECD (Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development),
  8. (1995). On the Costs of Air Pollution from Motor Vehicles,”
  9. (1995). Policies to Reduce CO2 emissions from Cars in Europe: A Partial Equilibrium Analysis,”
  10. (1999). Shifting Gears: New Directions for Cars and Clean Air,”
  11. (1994). The Case for a Public Road Authority,"
  12. (1995). The Role of Transport Control Measures in Jointly Reducing Congestion and Air Pollution,”
  13. (1994). The Social Costs of Transport: Evaluation and Links with Internalisation Policies,” Internalising the Social Costs of Transport,
  14. (1994). Transportation Pricing and Travel Behavior,”
  15. (1999). Urban Transportation”,

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.