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The structure of readjustment after heart attack

By Zeev Ben-Sira and Ronit Eliezer

Abstract

A comprehensive multivariate framework aimed at predicting the factors that enhance or impede readjustment after a heart attack, has been developed and empirically supported by a study among convalescents after heart attack. Application of multivariate techniques of data analysis revealed a 'structure' highlighting the relative weight of various 'demands' in impeding readjustment, and the relative significance of the individual's self-controlled resources in coping with these demands and thus enhance readjustment. The data further show the crucial role of the spouse in both enhancing resources and furthering readjustment. By distinguishing between three dimensions of readjustment--the affective, the instrumental, and the cognitive--the data further the understanding of the differential effects of various demands, resources, and spouse support on readjustment. The herein theoretically justified and empirically supported structure expands the earlier developed structure of readjustment of traumatically irreversible disabled persons, taking into consideration the peculiar situation of the convalescents after heart attack, the trilateral conceptualization of readjustment.rehabilitation heart disease readjustment stress

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