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Development of mental health services in Tanzania: A reappraisal for the future

By G. P. Kilonzo and N. Simmons


The article traces the historical development of mental health services in Tanzania from traditional practices through custodial institutions during the colonial period, efforts towards decentralization, including the development of innovative agricultural rehabilitation villages during the 60s and the introduction of primary mental health care during the 80s right up to the present. Available resources in Tanzania, including the traditional healing system, the family and ample arable land were examined as to how these might be used in the care of mental patients and the promotion of mental health in general. The article points to real opportunities and a possible course of action for the future.Tanzania mental health development traditional assets integration

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