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Imbricate thrust stack model for the formation of glaciotectonic rafts : an example from the Middle Pleistocene of North Norfolk, UK

By Helen Burke, Emrys Phillips, Jonathan R. Lee and Ian P. Wilkinson

Abstract

In this article, we present a glaciotectonic model for raft emplacement based on a study of large-scale and small-scale deformation structures associated with the accretion of chalk rafts at three Middle Pleistocene sites on the north Norfolk coast, eastern England. Detailed structural measurements taken from the three localities indicate an overall sense of ice movement and raft emplacement towards the south/southeast, suggesting a source area for the rafts located to the north of the present Norfolk coast in the offshore area of the North Sea. Provenancing of the chalk rafts, based on analysis of the foraminifera, also indicates a northern nearshore provenance for the chalk. Mechanisms for the detachment, transport and accretion of the rafts are explored, and it is concluded that pressurized pore water played an important role in all three phases. An imbricate thrust stack model of glaciotectonic raft generation is presented, with the structural history of raft emplacement explained by the geometric relationships between the large-scale basal shear planes and associated deformation structures within adjacent preglacial and glacial sediments

Topics: Earth Sciences
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Year: 2009
DOI identifier: 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2009.00085.x
OAI identifier: oai:nora.nerc.ac.uk:8073

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