Location of Repository

The role of tribology and metrology in the latest development of bio-materials

By Liam Blunt, Paul J. Bills, Xiang Jiang, Catherine Hardacker and Gautum Chakrararty


Total joint replacement is one of the most common elective surgical procedures performed worldwide, with an estimate of 1.5 million operations performed annually. Currently joint replacements are expected to function for 10–15 years, however, with an increase in life expectancy, and a greater call for all types of joint replacement due to increased activity levels, there is a requirement to improve their function to offer longer term improved quality of life for patients.\ud \ud \ud Typically it is the hip and knee joints which encompass the great majority of these elective surgical procedures; however replacement of ankles shoulders, elbows, finger joints and other bearing surfaces are not uncommon.\ud \ud \ud Most replacement joints fail as a complication of the basic wear and debris generation process. The quest for longer life from replacement joints has consequently concentrated on developing materials and designs which minimise the generation of wear particles. This paper summarises some of the recent developments in the field orthopaedic joint replacement, in particular the paper concentrates on the wear of new material combinations and methodologies of wear simulation and wear assessment using precision metrology

Topics: TJ
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.hud.ac.uk:3879

Suggested articles



  1. 10993-1:2003 Biological evaluation of medical devices Part 1: Evaluation and testing doi
  2. 14243-2:2000, Implants for surgery – Wear of total knee joint prostheses – Part 2: Methods of measurement. doi
  3. (1995). A comparative study of the performance of metallic and ceramic femoral head components in total replacement hip joints’, doi
  4. (2000). Biological reactions to wear debris in total joint replacement.’, doi
  5. (1997). Ceramic-ceramic and metal-polyethylene total hip replacements.’, doi
  6. (2000). Characterisation of wear debris from UHMWPE on zirconia ceramic, metal on metal and alumina ceramic on alumina ceramic hip prostheses’, doi
  7. (2004). Clinical reviews: Particulate debris and failure of total hip replacements.’, doi
  8. (2000). Comparative Wear And Debris Generation In
  9. (2007). Development of a technique for accurately determining clinical wear in explanted total hip replacements.’, doi
  10. (2006). Metal-on-metal bearings I: The influence of 3D measurement accuracy on the calculated wear of a ball head using a new mathematical approach’,
  11. (2005). metrology solution for the orthopaedic industry’, doi
  12. (2004). Registry for England & Wales,
  13. (1995). The problem is osteolysis.’,
  14. (2007). The role of tribology and metrology in the latest development of bio-materials.’, doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.