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Automated ballistic and tool mark identification

By F. Gao, Xiang Jiang and Liam Blunt

Abstract

Every firearm has individual characteristics that are as unique to it as fingerprints are to\ud human beings. When a firearm is fired, it transfers these characteristics in the form of\ud microscopic scratches and markings to the fired bullets and cartridge casings. Characterising these\ud marks is the critical element in identifying firearms. When bullets or cartridge casings are found at\ud a crime scene, firearms examiners can use the marks for comparison, to determine whether or\ud not the bullets or casings were expelled from a suspect’s firearm. If a firearm is recovered at the\ud scene, a test fire of the weapon creates example bullets and cartridge casings for comparison.\ud Bullets and cartridge casings found at one crime scene can also be compared with those found at\ud another in order to link the crimes. Traditionally the comparison of ballistic evidence has been a tedious and time-consuming process requiring highly skilled examiners. Traditionally evidence recovered at crime scenes or from recovered firearms is manually compared, piece by piece, to the vast inventory of recovered or test-fired projectiles and casings

Topics: TJ, QA, U1
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.hud.ac.uk:4047

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