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The evolution of surfaces and their measurement

By Xiang Jiang


Surfaces and their interactions are at the heart of living systems and all moving objects.\ud They have fascinated man from the ancient Egyptians, through Leonardo Da Vinci in the\ud Renaissance period, to nanotechnologists of today. This paper elucidates the science of\ud surfaces and their interactions, covering the importance of surfaces and how they influence us\ud all in terms of energy, environment and quality of life. It attempts to uncover the story of\ud mankind‟s deepening understanding of surfaces and their measurement, and to provide an\ud overview of surface measurement and shows how current thinking has evolved from a\ud complicated historical background

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  6. Jiang gratefully acknowledges the Royal Society under a Wolfson-Royal Society Research Merit Award. The authors gratefully acknowledge the European Research Councile for supporting this research under ERC Advanced Scheme. Main References
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