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Characterization of high-fracture toughness K-fluorrichterite-fluorapatite glass ceramics\ud

By M. Mirsaneh, I.M. Reaney, P.V. Hatton and P.F. James


Stoichiometric K-fluorrichterite (Glass A) and the same composition with 2 mol% P2O5 added (Glass B) were prepared and then heat-treated isothermally from 550°1000°C with 50°C intervals. Samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The biaxial flexural strength and indentation fracture toughness of heat-treated glass specimens were also determined for both materials. XRD traces and TEM images showed similar phase evolution and fine microstructures for both systems at ≤950°C, with mica and diopside reacting with residual glass to form K-fluorrichterite as the temperature was increased from 650°C. However, in Glass B, fluorapatite was also present at >800°C. In contrast, coarser microstructures were observed at 1000°C, with larger K-fluorrichterite (20 μm) and enstatite (10 μm) crystals in Glasses A and B, respectively. The highest fracture toughness (2.69 ± 0.01 MPa·m(1/2)) and biaxial strength (242.6 ± 3.6 MPa) were recorded for Glass B heat-treated at 1000°C. This was attributed to the presence of enstatite coupled with an interlocked lath-like crystalline microstructure.\u

Year: 2004
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