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Libya and News Media: the production and reception\ud of new-media news output

By Ibrahim Ali Omer

Abstract

The study takes ideological domination in the field of the media as a point of departure, concentrating on current affairs as one of the most keenly debated issues in the field of mass media since the emergence of news agencies and up to the present age of satellite television channels. The study deals in particular with monopolies of news coverage by the major news agencies, including Reuters, Associated Press (AP), United Press International (UP), and Agence France Press (AFP).\ud \ud The study focuses on the cultural dimensions of news stories and the controversies over their content which have spurred regional and international efforts to establish alternatives\ud to the one-way flow of news and information from core countries to the rest of the world.\ud \ud The study also focuses on American domination in the field of news and the establishment of CNN, which has itself become a symbol of American influence as well as a significant influence on the live news coverage of events. The impact of CNN has also triggered many reactions, including efforts in various countries to compete with it in order to cover the news from perspectives within these countries. The study goes on to focus on the Arab region, which has its own characteristics but also shares many features with other peripheral countries, particularly in the field of the mass media and the reliance of Arab\ud audiences on news sources in core countries.\ud \ud This study deals with various issues concerning the mass media and news coverage in the Arab region, providing a historical framework for the development of its mass media;\ud the political atmosphere and other factors which have affected their performance. The study also examines attempts by Arab countries to work collectively in order to establish\ud alternatives to the core countries’ news outlets. By focusing on the Arab region this study aims to examine in particular the significance of the Arab satellite news channels and their success in competing with the news outlets of core countries. The competitiveness of the\ud Arab satellite channels is evaluated, considering Al-Jazeera as a particularly important example. The study finally focuses on Libya as an example both of an Arab county and as\ud a representative of peripheral countries. This section of the work involves an empirical study into perception and evaluation of regional and international news. This provides\ud ideal opportunities to assess the theoretical framework of the study with references to the features and difficulties of peripheral countries. Libya’s efforts in the field of mass media, and particularly its news outlets, are also evaluated. In addition the study examines the attitudes of the Libyan people towards domestic, regional and international news outlets and their significance in terms of news coverage. This provides a thorough understanding\ud of the perceived weaknesses and strengths of these news outlets, and such information may help in the development of a new strategy for the Libyan mass media in order to\ud make them more competitive

Topics: P300, P900
OAI identifier: oai:nrl.northumbria.ac.uk:7516

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