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Microsecond folding dynamics of the F13W G29A mutant of the B domain of staphylococcal protein A by laser-induced temperature jump

By G. Dimitriadis, A. Drysdale, J.K. Myers, P. Arora, S.E. Radford, T.G. Oas and D.A. Smith


The small size (58 residues) and simple structure of the B domain of staphylococcal protein A (BdpA) have led to this domain being a paradigm for theoretical studies of folding. Experimental studies of the folding of BdpA have been limited by the rapidity of its folding kinetics. We report the folding kinetics of a fluorescent mutant of BdpA (G29A F13W), named F13W*, using nanosecond laser-induced temperature jump experiments. Automation of the apparatus has permitted large data sets to be acquired that provide excellent signal-to-noise ratio over a wide range of experimental conditions. By measuring the temperature and denaturant dependence of equilibrium and kinetic data for F13W*, we show that thermodynamic modeling of multidimensional equilibrium and kinetic surfaces is a robust method that allows reliable extrapolation of rate constants to regions of the folding landscape not directly accessible experimentally. The results reveal that F13W* is the fastest-folding protein of its size studied to date, with a maximum folding rate constant at 0 M guanidinium chloride and 45°C of 249,000 (s-1). Assuming the single-exponential kinetics represent barrier-limited folding, these data limit the value for the preexponential factor for folding of this protein to at least ≈2 x 10(6) s(-1). \u

Year: 2004
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