Location of Repository

Language acquisition in developmental disorders

By Michael S.C. Thomas

Abstract

In this chapter, I review recent research into language acquisition in developmental disorders, and the light that these findings shed on the nature of language acquisition in typically developing children. Disorders considered include Specific Language Impairment, autism, Down syndrome, and Williams syndrome. I argue that disorders of language should be construed in terms of differences in the constraints that shape the learning process, rather than in terms of the normal system with components missing or malfunctioning. I outline the integrative nature of this learning process and how properties such as redundancy and compensation may be key characteristics of learning systems with atypical constraints. These ideas, as well as the new methodologies now being used to study variations in pathways of language acquisition, are illustrated with case studies from Williams syndrome and Specific Language Impairment

Topics: psyc
Publisher: John Benjamins
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.bbk.ac.uk.oai2:2877

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (2009). A cross-syndrome study of the development of holistic face recognition in children with autism, Down syndrome and Williams syndrome. doi
  2. (2002). Are developmental disorders like cases of adult brain damage? Implications from connectionist modelling. doi
  3. (2002). Atypical linguistic and socio-communicative development in toddlers with Williams syndrome. doi
  4. (2005). Can developmental disorders reveal the component parts of the human language faculty? doi
  5. (2006). Case study of a 42-year-old man who had SLI as a child: functional imaging of an atypical language system.
  6. (2005). Characterising compensation. doi
  7. (1998). Children with specific language impairment. doi
  8. (1999). Cognitive modularity and genetic disorders.
  9. (1997). Cognitive neuropsychology and developmental disorders: Uncomfortable bedfellows. doi
  10. (2006). Cognitive-developmental processes in individuals with Specific Language Impairments: Three cases observed in childhood and mid-life.
  11. (2005). Constraints on language development: Insights from developmental disorders. In: doi
  12. (1998). Development itself is the key to understanding developmental disorders. doi
  13. (1997). Developmental cognitive neuropsychology. doi
  14. (2004). Developmental disorders: A causal modelling approach. doi
  15. (2005). Distinct patterns of language impairment in Down's syndrome, Williams syndrome, and SLI: The case of syntactic chains. doi
  16. (1998). Early language development in children with mental retardation. In
  17. (2004). Evidence for and implications of a domain-specific grammatical deficit. In
  18. (2002). Exploring the borderlands of autistic disorder and specific language impairment: A study using standardised diagnostic instruments. doi
  19. (2003). FOXP2 in focus: what can genes tell us about speech and language? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, doi
  20. (2002). FOXP2 is not a major susceptibility gene for autism or specific language impairment. doi
  21. (2007). Genes, language development, and language disorders. doi
  22. (2000). Hypersociability in Williams syndrome. doi
  23. (1986). Joint attention and early language. doi
  24. (2007). Language abilities in Williams syndrome: a critical review. doi
  25. (1997). Language acquisition: The acquisition of linguistic structure in normal and special populations. doi
  26. (2001). Language deficits, localization, and grammar: Evidence for a distributive model of language breakdown in aphasic patients and neurologically intact individuals. doi
  27. (2001). Language development in children with unilateral brain injury.
  28. (1998). Language in mental retardation: Associations with and dissociations from general cognition. In
  29. (2005). Language symptoms of developmental language disorders: An overview of autism, Down syndrome, fragile X, specific language impairment, and Williams syndrome. doi
  30. (2006). Mapping brain maturation. doi
  31. (2001). Mapping theories of developmental language impairment: Premises, predictions and evidence. doi
  32. (2004). Modelling atypical syntax processing.
  33. (2003). Modelling language acquisition in atypical phenotypes. doi
  34. (2002). MRI analysis of an inherited speech and language disorder: structural brain abnormalities. doi
  35. (1998). Neural basis of an inherited speech and language disorder. doi
  36. (2007). Neuroconstructivism Volume 1: How the brain constructs cognition. doi
  37. (2001). Past tense morphology in specifically language impaired and normally developing children. Language and Cognitive Processes, doi
  38. (2007). Phonological deficits and developmental language impairments. In doi
  39. (2005). Specific Language Impairment is not specific to language: The Procedural Deficit Hypothesis. doi
  40. (2006). Speeded naming, frequency and the development of the lexicon in Williams syndrome. Language and Cognitive Processes, doi
  41. (2003). syndrome: a challenge for genotypephenotype correlations. doi
  42. (2004). The development of complex sentence interpretation in typically developing children compared with children with specific language impairments or early unilateral focal lesions. doi
  43. (2006). The development of visuospatial processing in children with autism, Down syndrome, and Williams syndrome. Unpublished PhD thesis.
  44. (1994). The language instinct. Penguin: London Pinker, S. doi
  45. (2005). The resilience of language. doi
  46. (2009). Using developmental trajectories to understand developmental disorders. doi
  47. (2006). Williams syndrome: Fractionations all the way down? doi
  48. (2000). Williams Syndrome: from genotype through to the cognitive phenotype. doi
  49. (2003). Words and rules in Williams syndrome. In

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.