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Spread spectrum techniques for indoor wireless IR communications

By K.K. Wong and T. O'Farrell


Multipath dispersion and fluorescent light\ud interference are two major problems in indoor\ud wireless infrared communications systems. Multipath\ud dispersion introduces intersymhol interference\ud at data rates above 10 Mb/s, while\ud fluorescent light induces severe narrowband\ud interference to baseband modulation schemes\ud commonly used such as OOK and PPM. This\ud article reviews the research into the application\ud of direct sequence spread spectrum techniques\ud to ameliorate these key channel impairments\ud without having to resort to complex signal processing\ud techniques. The inherent properties of a\ud spreading sequence are exploited in order to\ud combat the ISI and narrowband interference. In\ud addition, to reduce the impact of these impairments,\ud the DSSS modulation schemes have\ud strived to be bandwidth-efficient and simple to\ud implement. Three main DSSS waveform techniques\ud have been developed and investigated.\ud These are sequence inverse keying, complementary\ud sequence inverse keying, and M-ary biorthogonal\ud keying (MBOK). The operations of\ud the three systems are explained; their performances\ud were evaluated through simulations and\ud experiments for a number of system parameters,\ud including spreading sequence type and length.\ud By comparison with OOK, our results show that\ud SIK, CSIK, and MBOK are effective against\ud multipath dispersion and fluorescent light interference\ud becausc the penalties incurred on the\ud DSSS schemes are between 0-7 dB, while the\ud penalty on OOK in the same environment is\ud more than 17 dB. The DSSS solution for IR\ud wireless transmission demonstrates that a transmission\ud waveform can he designed to remove\ud the key channel impairments in a wireless IR\ud system

Year: 2003
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.whiterose.ac.uk:677

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