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Stable isotope ratios of foraminifera from last glacial-interglacial sediments of the southern high latitudes

By Jean-Jacques Pichon, Laurent D Labeyrie, Gilles F Bareille, Monique Labracherie, Josette M Duprat and Jean Jouzel

Abstract

A set of numerical equations is developed to estimate past sea surface temperatures (SST) from fossil Antarctic diatoms. These equations take into account both the biogeographic distribution and experimentally derived silica dissolution. The data represent a revision and expansion of a floral data base used previously and includes samples resulting from progressive opal dissolution experiments. Factor analysis of 166 samples (124 Holocene core top and 42 artificial samples) resolved four factors. Three of these factors depend on the water mass distribution (one Subantarctic and two Antarctic assemblages); factor 4 corresponds to a 'dissolution assemblage'. Inclusion of this factor in the data analysis minimizes the effect of opal dissolution on the assemblages and gives accurate estimates of SST over a wide range of biosiliceous dissolution. A transfer function (DTF 166/34/4) is derived from the distribution of these factors versus summer SST. Its standard error is +/- 1°C in the -1 to +10 °C summer temperature range. This transfer function is used to estimate SST changes in two southern ocean cores (43°S and 55°S) which cover the last climatic cycle. The time scale is derived from the changes in foraminiferal oxygen and carbon isotopic ratios. The reconstructed SST records present strong analogies with the air temperature record over Antarctica at the Vostok site, derived from changes in the isotopic ratio of the ice. This similarity may be used to compare the oceanic isotope stratigraphy and the Vostok time scale derived from ice flow model. The oceanic time scale, if taken at face value, would indicate that large changes in ice accumulation rates occurred between warm and cold periods

Topics: APSARA2; Marion Dufresne (1972); MD38; MD84-527; MD84-551; PC; Piston corer; South Indian Ocean
Publisher: PANGAEA
Year: 1992
DOI identifier: 10.1594/PANGAEA.727840
OAI identifier: oai:pangaea.de:doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.727840
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