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Analysis of Fcγ receptor haplotypes in rheumatoid arthritis: FCGR3A remains a major susceptibility gene at this locus, with an additional contribution from FCGR3B

By A.W. Morgan, J.H. Barrett, B. Griffiths, D. Subramanian, J.I. Robinson, V.H. Keyte, M. Ali, E.A. Jones, R.W. Old, F. Ponchel, A.W. Boylston, R.D. Situnayake, A.F. Markham, P. Emery and J.D. Isaacs

Abstract

The Fcγ receptors play important roles in the initiation and regulation of many immunological and inflammatory processes, and genetic variants (FCGR) have been associated with numerous autoimmune and infectious diseases. The data in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are conflicting and we previously demonstrated an association between FCGR3A and RA. In view of the close molecular proximity with FCGR2A, FCGR2B and FCGR3B, additional polymorphisms within these genes and FCGR haplotypes were examined to refine the extent of association with RA. Biallelic polymorphisms in FCGR2A, FCGR2B and FCGR3B were examined for association with RA in two well characterized UK Caucasian and North Indian/ Pakistani cohorts, in which FCGR3A genotyping had previously been undertaken. Haplotype frequencies and linkage disequilibrium were estimated across the FCGR locus and a model-free analysis was performed to determine association with RA. This was followed by regression analysis, allowing for phase uncertainty, to identify the particular haplotype(s) that\ud influences disease risk. Our results reveal that FCGR2A,\ud FCGR2B and FCGR3B were not associated with RA. The\ud haplotype with the strongest association with RA susceptibility was the FCGR3A–FCGR3B 158V-NA2 haplotype (odds ratio 3.18, 95% confidence interval 1.13–8.92 [P = 0.03] for homozygotes compared with all genotypes). The association was stronger in the presence of nodules (odds ratio 5.03, 95% confidence interval 1.44–17.56; P = 0.01). This haplotype was also more common in North Indian/Pakistani RA patients than in control individuals, but not significantly so. Logistic regression\ud analyses suggested that FCGR3A remained the most significant gene at this locus. The increased association with an FCGR3A–FCGR3B haplotype suggests that other\ud polymorphic variants within FCGR3A or FCGR3B, or in linkage\ud disequilibrium with this haplotype, may additionally contribute to disease pathogenesis.\u

Year: 2005
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.whiterose.ac.uk:920

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