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The need for improved management of the subsurface

By Holger Kessler, Ricky L. Terrington, Hans-Georg Sobisch, Jan Gunnink, Rudiger Ludwig, Egon Harms, Keith Turner and Roger Moore

Abstract

The subsurface is used intensively to support economic stability and growth. Human interaction with\ud the shallow subsurface ranges from exploitation of resources, accommodation of utilities, harnessing\ud of energy (ground source heat pumps) and storage of waste. Current practice of managing these\ud shallow subsurface zones is far from ideal. Many subsurface interventions are preceded by feasibility\ud studies, predictive models or investigative measures to mitigate risks or predict the impacts of the\ud work. However, the complex interactions between the anthropogenic structures and natural processes\ud mean that a holistic impact assessment is often not achievable. By integrating these subsurface\ud infrastructures within three dimensional framework models, a comprehensive assessment of the\ud potential hazards in these shallow subsurface environments may be made. Some Geological Survey\ud Organizations (GSOs) are currently developing subsurface management systems that will aid decision\ud making in the shallow subsurface [1]. The British Geological Survey (BGS) is developing an open\ud Environmental Modeling Platform [2] to provide the data standards and applications to link models,\ud numerical simulations and ultimately socio-economic models so as to generate predictive responses to\ud questions concerning sustainable us of the subsurface

Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:nora.nerc.ac.uk:9258

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