Evidence suggests that dietary-intakes of the essential element selenium have fallen in Scotland in recent years, due to changing sources of bread-making wheat. The Scottish environment is thought to be Se-poor due to the geology and climate. This initial study assessed whether geological parent-materials could be used to predict relatively high and low soil-Se areas in Scotland and whether differences in soil-Se were reflected in foodstuff-Se produced on them. Samples (n = 8 per farm) of wheat, calabrese (broccoli), potato, beef-steak, milk, cattle pasture (grass) and soil were collected from pairs of farms (one in each high/low predicted Se area (PSA)). Potatoes and soils were collected from a further 34 farms in high/low PSAs to assess a greater geographical zone. Total soil-Se ranged from 0.115 to 0.877 mg kg-1 but most samples (90%) could be classed as Se-deficient (< 0.6 mg kg−1), irrespective of PSA. Total soil-Se was significantly higher (p < 0.05) in the high than in the low PSAs as expected; however, the difference between the two was small (mean 0.48 and 0.37 mg kg−1, respectively). Water-soluble soil-Se (6.69 to 26.78 μg kg−1) concentrations were not significantly different between the two PSAs (p = 0.71). Soil loss-on-ignition (indicating organic matter content) correlated significantly with total and water-soluble soil-Se (p < 0.001) and exerted a greater control than parent-material on soil-Se. Significant differences between the PSAs for beef-Se (p < 0.001), wheat-Se (p < 0.001), calabrese-Se (p < 0.01) and beef-farm grass-Se (p < 0.05) indicated partial success of the parent-material soil-Se prediction. However, only wheat-Se (p < 0.001) and potato-Se (p < 0.001) correlated significantly with total soil-Se. The results suggest that soil-Se concentrations in the main agricultural areas of Scotland are generally low. Given the low Se concentrations also reported in the food commodities; further investigations may be warranted to fully characterise the Se-status of Scottish produce and dietary-Se intakes in Scotland.\ud \u
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