Latitudinal comparisons of the Southern Ocean limpet, Nacella concinna, and clam, Laternula elliptica,\ud acclimated to 0.0 °C, were used to assess differences in thermal response to two regimes, 0.0, 5.1 to 10.0 °C\ud and 2.5, 7.5 to 12.5 °C, raised at 5.0 °C per week. At each temperature, tissue energy status was measured\ud through a combination of O2 consumption, intracellular pH, cCO2, citrate synthase (CS) activity, organic acids\ud (succinate, acetate, propionate), adenylates (ATP, ADP, AMP, ITP, PLA (phospho-L-arginine)) and heart rate.\ud L. elliptica from Signy (60°S) and Rothera (67°S), which experience a similar thermal regime (−2 to +1 °C)\ud had the same lethal (7.5–10.0 °C), critical (5.1–7.5 °C) and pejus (b5.1 °C;=getting worse) limits with only\ud small differences in biochemical response. N. concinna, which experiences a wider thermal regime (−2 to\ud +15.8 °C), had higher lethal limits (10.0–12.5 °C). However, at their Northern geographic limit N. concinna,\ud which live in a warmer environment (South Georgia, 54°S), had a lower critical limit (5.1–10.0 °C; O2, PLA\ud and organic acids) than Rothera and Signy N. concinna (10.0–12.5 °C). This lower limit indicates that South\ud Georgia N. concinna have different biochemical responses to temperatures close to their thermal limit, which\ud may make them more vulnerable to future warming trend
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