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Stokes flow in a half-filled annulus between rotating coaxial cylinders\ud

By P.H. Gaskell, M.D. Savage and M. Wilson

Abstract

A model is presented for viscous flow in a cylindrical cavity (a half-filled annulus lying between horizontal, infinitely long concentric cylinders of radii R-i,R-0 rotating with peripheral speeds U-i,U-0). Stokes' approximation is used to formulate a boundary value problem which is solved for the streamfunction, phi, as a function of radius ratio (R) over bar = R-i/R-0 and speed ratio S = U-i/U-0. \ud \ud \ud Results show that for S > 0 (S < 0) the flow domain consists of two (one) large eddies (eddy), each having a stagnation point on the centreline and a potentially rich substructure with separatrices and sub-eddies. The behaviour of the streamfunction solution in the neighbourhood of stagnation points on the centreline is investigated by means of a truncated Taylor expansion. As (R) over bar and S are varied it is shown that a bifurcation in the flow structure arises in which a centre becomes a saddle stagnation point and vice versa. As (R) over bar --> 1, a sequence of 'flow bifurcations' leads to a flow structure consisting of a set of nested separatrices, and provides the means by which the two-dimensional cavity flow approaches quasi-unidirectional flow in the small gap limit. Control-space diagrams reveal that speed ratio has little effect on the flow structure when S < 0 and also when S > 0 and aspect ratios are small (except near S = 1). For S > 0 and moderate to large aspect ratios the bifurcation characteristics of the two large eddies are quite different and depend on both (R) over bar and S.\ud \ud \u

Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Year: 1997
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.whiterose.ac.uk:1198

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