Growth increment analysis coupled with stable isotopic data (δ18O/δ13C) from Early Pliocene (ca 4.7 Ma)\ud Austrochlamys anderssoni from shallow marine sediments of the Cockburn Island Formation, northern\ud Antarctic Peninsula, suggest these bivalves grew through much of the year, even during the coldest parts of\ud winter recorded in the shells. The high frequency fluctuation in growth increment width of A. anderssoni\ud appears to reflect periodic, but year-round, agitation of the water column enhancing benthic food supply\ud from organic detritus. This suggests that Austrochlamys favoured waters that were largely sea ice free. Our\ud data support interpretation of the Cockburn Island Formation as an interglacial marine deposit and the\ud previous hypothesis that Austrochlamys retreated from the Antarctic as sea ice extent expanded, this\ud transition occurring during climate cooling in the Late Pliocene
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