Sperm competition studies have shown that P2 (the proportion of ova fertilized by the last male to mate) increases as the interval between inseminations is experimentally increased. Variation in the number of sperm in storage is associated with sperm use (or loss) from the female's sperm stores between copulations (fewer sperm from previous mates at the time of the last copulation) and with the extent of prior oviposition and female receptivity to further copulation: females that lay many eggs tend to have few remaining sperm in storage and to be more receptive to further copulation. Using the bruchid beetle Callosobruchus maculatus, we examined the effect of prior oviposition and female receptivity to further copulation on the extent of last-male sperm precedence (measured as P2). Extent of prior oviposition was experimentally manipulated independently of the intermating interval by altering the availability of oviposition sites between inseminations. Females given few or no oviposition sites laid fewer eggs, were less receptive and had a lower P2 than females given abundant oviposition sites. To examine the effect of female receptivity on P2 independently of prior oviposition, we examined the outcome of sperm competition experiments using (1) females from lines that had been selected for different latencies to copulation and (2) natural variation in female latency to receptivity. Female receptivity to further copulation had no detectable effect on P2. When oviposition resource is abundant, female receptivity may be a poor predictor of current sperm load
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