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Relative contribution of abundant and rare species to species–energy relationships\ud

By K.L. Evans, J.J.D. Greenwood and K.J. Gaston

Abstract

A major goal of ecology is to understand spatial variation in species richness. The latter is markedly influenced by energy availability and appears to be influenced more by common species than rare ones; species–energy relationships should thus be stronger for common species. Species–energy relationships may arise because high-energy areas support more individuals, and these larger populations may buffer species from extinction. As extinction risk is a negative decelerating function of population size, this more-individuals hypothesis (MIH) predicts that rare species should respond more strongly to energy. We investigate these opposing predictions using British breeding bird data and find that, contrary to the MIH, common species contribute more to species–energy relationships than rare ones. \ud \u

Publisher: The Royal Society
Year: 2005
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.whiterose.ac.uk:1416

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