Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

'Business, Liberalism and dissent in Norwich, 1900-1930'

By Barry M. Doyle


In much of the literature on the decline of the Liberal party, there is an implicit\ud assumption that the bulk of the party's middle-elass support, and in particular its\ud business support, had defected to the Conservatives by the early 1920s.2 This\ud literature also assumes that only two real issues separated the middle-elass in the\ud pre-war period - religion and free trade.3 Thus, when the war brought an end to\ud free trade and quickened the decline of organized religion in Britain, the middle\ud class united in a property-owning, anti-socialist alliance under Conservative\ud leadership.4 This article will challenge some of these assumptions by showing that\ud significant sections of the Norwich business and dissenting communities continued\ud to support Liberalism right down to 1930, and that chapel culture, in particular, was\ud of considerable importance in maintaining the Liberal party after 1919.

Topics: DA
Publisher: Baptist Historical Society
Year: 1994
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (1919). A History of the Parish of Catton in the City of Norwich,
  2. (1946). A Nomc Century: And the men who made it,
  3. (1981). Baptist MPs in the nineteenth century', doi
  4. Baptists in Norwich; Colman,
  5. (1949). Five Generations of the Bignold Family, 1761-1947, and Their Connection with the Norwich Union,
  6. (1993). For a revealing insight into the business connections of Norwich professionals, see C. Binfield, 'An excursion into architectural cousinhood: the East Anglian connection',
  7. For an interesting insight into the scale and cost of chapel building and refurbishment in the later nineteenth century, see the section on 'Nonconfonnist places of worship'
  8. For more detailed discussion of politics in twentieth-century Norwich, see Doyle, 'Realignment',
  9. For the fate of Norwich Liberalism after 1929, see Doyle, 'Realignment', ch.3, and 'Urban Liberalism'
  10. (1980). For the People's Budget as an assault on privilege, Bruce K. Murray, The People's Budget 1909-10: lloyd George and Liberal Politics, doi
  11. (1912). Handbook of the Church and Congregation Worshipping in
  12. (1986). Liberalism and Liberal Politics in Edwardian England, doi
  13. (1904). Men who have made Norwich,
  14. Nonconfonnist Conscience,
  15. (1935). Nonconfonnity in nineteenth century Norwich',
  16. (1919). Prince's Street Congregational Church,
  17. Realignment', ch.6; 'Urban Liberalism',
  18. Society and Politics: The culture of the factory in later Victorian England, doi
  19. (1940). St Mary's,
  20. Stefan Muthesius, 'Nineteenth century Norwich houses',
  21. (1984). The changing pattern of prestige residence in Norwich, 1871 to 1971: A case study in the geography of segregation',
  22. (1978). The Mayors and Lord Mayors of Norwich 1836-1974,
  23. (1903). The Nonconfonnist Conscience in its Relation to our National Life, Presidential address to the Baptist Union of Great Britain and Ireland,
  24. (1958). The Nonconfonnist Conscience, 1982; 1. Glaser, 'English nonconfonnity and the decline of Liberalism',
  25. (1991). The Nonconfonnists,
  26. (1949). The Story of ShoeTMking in Norwich: From the Earliest Time to the Present Day,
  27. (1988). White LId. Facsimile edition introduced by Michael
  28. (1975). White was one of the key political leaders of the passive-resistance movement and a noted propagandist for the cause.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.